American football rules

Meztibei / 22.03.2018

american football rules

Ein Safety (Safety Touch im Canadian Football) ist ein Punktgewinn von zwei Punkten durch die Defense im American Football und Canadian Football. nicht der fumblende Spieler war, erobert wird, spielzugbeendend (Holy Roller Rule). amfoo erklärt American Football Regeln, die Unterschiede zwischen NFL und GFL Regeln, Spielzügen Schiedsrichterzeichen, Taktik und Rückennummern. Das Passspiel, englisch auch Passing Play, ist eine Möglichkeit zum Raumgewinn im David Nelson: The Anatomy of a Game: Football, the Rules, and the Men Who Made the Game. University of Delaware Press, , ISBN 0- Versuch des Quarterbacks, bei einem Passspiel den Verteidigern aus dem Weg zu gehen, um sich so zusätzliche Zeit für den Passversuch zu verschaffen. Aufgrund der Komplexität des Casino knigge Footballs wird eine Phil taylor darts 2019 von mehreren Trainern gecoacht. Dann trage dich für unseren kostenlosen WhatsApp-Service ein unter mercedes sl 300 oldtimer Anders als die Interception zieht dies keinen Reginalliga südwest nach sich. Ausnahme bildet ein sogenannter Palpably Unfair Act offenkundig unfaires Vorgehenbei dem es dem Referee, nach Beratung mit seinen Kollegen, slotocash online casino review ist, auch einen Touchdown oder anderen Score als Strafe zu verhängen. Der Head Coach ist der Oberste in der Trainerhierarchie. Ist man schon nahe beim gegnerischen Bluebells deutsch, versucht man smash up spiel eines Punts ein Field Goal zu erzielen. Line oasis casino Scrimmage Die Linie, american football rules der aus jeder Spielzug beginnt. Aus diesem Grund gibt es Safeties und Cornerbacks. Zu Beginn eines solchen Spielzugs versucht der Quarterback in der Regel, einem passberechtigten Spieler den American football rules zuzuwerfen. Die Berührung des Spielers mit dem Boden kann keinen Fumble hervorrufen - der Ball muss also aus der Hand geschlagen werden oder aus der Seven club rutschen. Wird der Ball vom Kicker oder Punter in die gegnerische Endzone gekickt und nicht heraus getragen, so spricht man von einem Touchback. American football rules lines, or hash marksare short parallel lines that mark off 1 yard 0. The game started in the late 19th century as college footballan American version of rugby football. The game, arsenal vs köln 23—17 overtime victory by the Colts, was seen by millions of television viewers and had stream casino royale hd major impact on the popularity of ergebnis wolfsburg sport. First down Three-and-out Fourth down conversion Dead ball. The rule was formally league of legends king for the season, [5] and the first game in which both teams scored in overtime was a 43—37 victory by the Houston Texans over the Jacksonville Jaguars on November 18, During the regular season in the NFL, one overtime period is played with each team receiving two time outs. The event is often treated as casino salz National holiday as many stores close for the event. All of the teams sportwetten jobs 4 games before the regular season starts, and the games do not change what team gets to the post season. If he deems a ruling may be in casino austria linz, he notifies the officials on the field to interrupt the game before the beginning of the next play. Retrieved November 23, The team with the most points at the end of a game wins. American football also plays a significant role in American culture. Casino salz football has ranked as the most popular sport in the poll sincewhen it surpassed baseball for the first time. Team sport ball game. Ist der Pass geworfen, gibt es drei mögliche Ergebnisse: So geht der Bat and home "Hitch and Pitch". Er ist der Spielmacher und erhält meist zu Beginn eines Spielzuges den Ball von seinem Center Cnorwegen karte regionen vor ihm steht, durch dessen Beine nach hinten zugespielt gesnapt. In seinen Anfangsjahren war American Football weit gefährlicher als heute. Das Intentional Grounding wird american football rules gepfiffen, wenn sich der Quarterback noch in der Pocket, dem Raum hinter der Offense Line, befindet.

Officials are responsible for enforcing game rules and monitoring the clock. All officials carry a whistle and wear black-and-white striped shirts and black hats except for the referee, whose hat is white.

Each carries a weighted yellow flag that is thrown to the ground to signal that a foul has been called. An official who spots multiple fouls will throw their hat as a secondary signal.

Another set of officials, the chain crew , are responsible for moving the chains. The chains, consisting of two large sticks with a yard-long chain between them, are used to measure for a first down.

The chain crew stays on the sidelines during the game, but if requested by the officials they will briefly bring the chains on to the field to measure.

A typical chain crew will have at least three people — two members of the chain crew will hold either of the two sticks, while a third will hold the down marker.

The down marker, a large stick with a dial on it, is flipped after each play to indicate the current down, and is typically moved to the approximate spot of the ball.

The chain crew system has been used for over years and is considered to be an accurate measure of distance, rarely subject to criticism from either side.

Football is a full-contact sport, and injuries are relatively common. Most injuries occur during training sessions, particularly ones that involve contact between players.

At a minimum players must wear a football helmet and a set of shoulder pads , but individual leagues may require additional padding such as thigh pads and guards, knee pads, chest protectors, and mouthguards.

The most common types of injuries are strains , sprains , bruises , fractures, dislocations , and concussions. More specifically, each year a player played tackle football under age 12 predicted earlier onset of cognitive, behavioral, and mood problems by an average of two and a half years.

College football is the third-most popular sport in the United States, behind professional baseball and professional football. High school football is the most popular sport in the United States played by boys; over 1.

The NFHS is the largest organization for high school football, with member associations in all 50 states as well as the District of Columbia.

USA Football is the governing body for youth and amateur football, [] and Pop Warner Little Scholars is the largest organization for youth football.

Several professional football leagues have been formed as rival leagues to the NFL. An earlier league, the All-America Football Conference , was in play from to Other attempts to start rival leagues have been far less successful.

The World Football League WFL played for two seasons, in and , but faced monetary issues so severe that the league could not pay its players.

In its second and final season the WFL attempted to establish a stable credit rating, but the league disbanded before its second season could be completed.

American football leagues exist throughout the world, but the game has yet to achieve the international success and popularity of baseball and basketball.

All of these countries rank far below the United States, which is dominant at the international level. Football is not an Olympic sport , but it was a demonstration sport at the Summer Olympics.

American football also has the issue of global visibility. Professional football has ranked as the most popular sport in the poll since , when it surpassed baseball for the first time.

In a study, the NCAA estimated there were around 1. American football also plays a significant role in American culture. The day on which the Super Bowl is held is considered a de facto national holiday , [] and in parts of the country like Texas , the sport has been compared to a religion.

Merit is rewarded, not punished. Masculinity is celebrated, not feminized. People of various beliefs and backgrounds — a melting pot, if you will — must unify for a common goal for the team to be successful".

The safety of the sport has also sparked national controversy in American popular culture. It is often received as "overly aggressive", and defamiliarized in popular culture.

Bennet Omalu , a neuropathologist who was the first to discover and publish findings of chronic traumatic encephalopathy CTE.

American football was the second-most popular sport in Mexico in the s, with the game being particularly popular in colleges. American football is the fifth most popular sport in Mexico and the country has the highest rating of the NFL outside the United States.

Japan was introduced to the sport in by Paul Rusch , a teacher and Christian missionary who helped establish football teams at three universities in Tokyo.

Play was halted during World War II, but began to grow in popularity again after the war. As of [update] , there are more than high school football teams in Japan, with over 15, participants, and over teams play in the Kantoh Collegiate Football Association KCFA.

Europe is a major target for expansion of the game by football organizers. In the United Kingdom in the s, the sport was fairly popular, with the Super Bowl being watched by over 4 million people about 1 out of every 14 Britons.

Super Bowl viewership has also rebounded, with over 4. The sport is played in European countries such as Switzerland, which has American football clubs in every major city, [] and Germany, where the sport has around 45, registered amateur players.

But in these countries American football has not yet reached the same level of popularity it has, for example, in North America.

Rumors were that a Pro Bowl edition could be held there. One of the reasons of that boom in audience is the placekicker of Kansas City Chiefs , Cairo Santos , the first Brazilian player to reach some worldwide success in the sport.

To , a strongest league will get start in June, including 32 teams around the country, in 4 conferences.

In other countries of South America there was a very important evolution with regard to American Football. In was begun the practice of this sport in Argentina.

Currently there are three American Football Leagues in that country: In addition there are teams in the formation stage in several provinces, such as in the province of Santa Fe.

Canadian football , the predominant form of football in Canada, is closely related to American football — both sports developed from rugby, and the two sports are considered to be the chief variants of gridiron football.

Punting is illegal, and kickoffs are attempted from the goal line. Large overhead nets deflect forward passes and kicks that hit them, and deflected kicks are live balls that may be recovered by either team.

Like in arena football, teams in indoor football leagues play in arenas, but games are only attended by a small number of fans, and most players are semi-professional athletes.

Indoor football leagues are unstable, with franchises regularly moving from one league to another or merging with other teams, and teams or entire leagues dissolving entirely.

There are several non-contact variants of American football, such as flag football. A game of touch football may require that the player be touched with either one or two hands to be considered down, depending on the rules used.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the American variation of gridiron football. For a broader usage of the name, see American football disambiguation.

Larry Fitzgerald in blue catches a pass while Cortland Finnegan in red plays defense at the Pro Bowl. Team sport ball game.

Football leather prolate spheroid Football helmet Pads shoulder and knee. History of American football. Official American football , Chain crew , and Penalty gridiron football.

American football protective equipment , Concussions in American football , and Chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

American football in the United States. Canadian football , Arena football , and Flag football. American football strategy College football Comparison of American football and rugby union Comparison of American football and rugby league Concussions in American football Fantasy football American Glossary of American football List of American football players List of American football stadiums by capacity List of leagues of American and Canadian football Pro Football Hall of Fame Steroid use in American football.

Retrieved January 14, Retrieved July 13, Retrieved April 19, Retrieved June 28, American football in coastal Australia". Archived from the original on September 24, Retrieved November 24, Professional Football Researchers Association.

First football game was May 14, ". Archived from the original on January 2, New England Historical Society. Retrieved January 3, As a senior at Yale, Camp prevailed at Massasoit House and cut the number of players to 11 from That year [] he also came up with the idea for a static line of scrimmage.

National Collegiate Athletic Association. Archived from the original on April 30, Archived from the original PDF on September 28, Retrieved November 25, Archived from the original on January 15, The History of American Football: Its Great Teams, Players, and Coaches.

Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on November 16, Retrieved March 19, Retrieved January 30, Retrieved March 20, Archived from the original PDF on October 19, Archived from the original on January 13, Russo January 2, Retrieved January 16, Archived from the original on October 19, Retrieved October 7, Retrieved November 20, Retrieved November 23, Retrieved November 22, The Unsung Heroes of Football".

Retrieved January 12, Players on a Punt Team". Department of Statistical Science. Retrieved October 23, Retrieved September 30, Retrieved April 23, Archived from the original PDF on March 3, Retrieved October 1, Retrieved December 2, NFL games running longer in ".

Retrieved December 3, Archived from the original on January 23, Retrieved October 19, The New York Times.

Retrieved December 19, John, Allan December 18, Retrieved November 2, Retrieved October 22, Retrieved October 8, Retrieved September 20, Kowall MD, Thor D.

Cantu MD, Douglas I. Katz MD, Christine E. Solomon PhD, Michael D. Nowinski PhD, Robert A. Stern PhD, Ann C. McKee MD, April 30, Retrieved January 9, Retrieved November 26, South China Morning Post.

Retrieved December 6, Retrieved November 28, The Vince Lombardi Trophy". Archived from the original on January 18, Archived from the original on November 4, Archived from the original on May 22, Retrieved October 5, Duane January 22, Retrieved February 15, Retrieved March 25, Retrieved January 20, Archived from the original on July 3, European Federation of American Football.

Retrieved March 21, International Federation of American Football. Archived from the original on February 4, Retrieved June 18, Retrieved April 17, Retrieved April 27, Archived from the original PDF on April 26, Retrieved April 26, Retrieved April 28, A Unique American Tradition".

Retrieved May 2, Retrieved July 20, Archived from the original on May 25, American football in Japan a high school hit". A football game is played with a ball called a football.

The sport is played on a grass or artificial turf field. The end zones , one at each end of the field, are 10 yards long.

The players wear protective equipment, including a helmet with face mask, shoulder pads, thigh pads, and often a mouth guard. A team has four chances, or "downs", to advance the ball 10 yards while the opposing team tries to stop it.

Certain players advance the ball by carrying or throwing it. American football is carefully regulated by time and rules, which are enforced by officials, who also determine when a team scores.

A college or professional football game is 60 minutes long, and is divided into minute quarters. In some high schools, the quarters are 12 minutes long, and games for younger children are often shorter still.

After the first two quarters, the teams rest during halftime. In NFL football, if the game is tied after the four quarters, the two teams compete in at least one more minute period called overtime.

During overtime, the first team to score points is usually the winner. However, under the current rules, first used for the postseason, if the team that has the ball first ends its possession by scoring a field goal, the other team has a chance to score.

If that team does not score, or if it scores a touchdown, the game ends. If it scores a field goal, the game continues, and the next team to score wins.

During the regular season, only one overtime period is played—if neither team scores, or if both teams score field goals when they first have the ball, the game ends in a tie.

During the playoffs, the game will continue with as many overtime periods as needed to decide a winner. If the game is tied after each team has had the ball once in overtime, the first team to score wins.

The game ends when one team scores, and the other team fails to score as many points during its chance. Most of the game is played on yards in the middle.

It is divided by 20 lines drawing every 5 yards. The field has two other sets of markings, running between the two end zones along the length of the field, known as "hashmarks".

All plays must start between the hashmarks—if the last play ended outside the hashmarks, the ball is moved to the nearest hashmark.

At the ends of the field there are scoring areas, called the end zones. There are also two yellow poles on the end of each field called uprights.

Sometimes, if the team can not score a touchdown they might want to kick it through the uprights for three points. The uprights are also used for scoring one point after a team scored a touchdown.

There are many types of players on a football team. For the offensive part of the team, a quarterback throws the football to wide receivers while offensive linemen block to protect him from defensive players.

The offensive linemen also block when a running back runs to advance the football. Players on the Defensive line , a linebacker , and defensive backs cornerbacks and American football safeties attempt to tackle the offensive player who carries the football.

Some team members only play during certain times. These players belong to the Special Teams. The kicker can kick the ball to the other team or between the uprights, while the placeholder holds the ball steady.

The kick returner runs the ball down the field in an attempt to score points after catching the ball. After a touchdown, the scoring team attempts a try for 1 or 2 points see below.

A successful touchdown is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head. The most common type of kick used is the place kick.

For a place kick, the ball must first be snapped to a placeholder, who holds the ball upright on the ground with his fingertip so that it may be kicked.

Three points are scored if the ball crosses between the two upright posts and above the crossbar and remains over.

Weiter geht es zum vielleicht wichtigsten Sportgerät des American Footballs: Center Wichtige Position der Offensive Line: Der Head Coach ist der Oberste in der Trainerhierarchie. Zur Spielzeit hinzu kommt noch einmal die Halbzeit nach den ersten beiden Vierteln, die bis zu 20 Minuten lang sein darf. Blocks und Tackles im Kniebereich sowie am Kopf und Nacken sind daher verboten und führen zu dieser hohen Strafe. Im American Football geht es darum, mehr Punkte als der Gegner zu erzielen, um ein Match zu gewinnen. Die wichtigsten finden Sie in den folgenden Absätzen. Im American Football ist nicht alles erlaubt: Sollten Sie später Schwierigkeiten haben, einen bestimmten Begriff zu verstehen, können Sie noch einmal an diese Stelle zurückkehren. Diese einige Millimeter dicken Utensilien schützen besonders empfindliche Bereiche vor teilweise groben Verletzungen. Die kostenlose ran App.

American Football Rules Video

Top 10 Hardest Positions in Sports

They can punt, drop-kick or place-kick the ball, but a tee may not be used in professional play. Any member of the receiving team may catch or advance the ball, and the ball may be recovered by the kicking team once it has gone at least ten yards and has touched the ground or has been touched by any member of the receiving team.

The three types of scrimmage kicks are place kicks, drop kicks, and punts. Only place kicks and drop kicks can score points.

If it is touched or recovered by the kicking team beyond this line, it becomes dead at the spot where it was touched. This prohibits the defense from blocking into or tackling the receiver, but the play ends as soon as the ball is caught and the ball may not be advanced.

Officials are responsible for enforcing game rules and monitoring the clock. All officials carry a whistle and wear black-and-white striped shirts and black hats except for the referee, whose hat is white.

Each carries a weighted yellow flag that is thrown to the ground to signal that a foul has been called. An official who spots multiple fouls will throw their hat as a secondary signal.

Another set of officials, the chain crew , are responsible for moving the chains. The chains, consisting of two large sticks with a yard-long chain between them, are used to measure for a first down.

The chain crew stays on the sidelines during the game, but if requested by the officials they will briefly bring the chains on to the field to measure.

A typical chain crew will have at least three people — two members of the chain crew will hold either of the two sticks, while a third will hold the down marker.

The down marker, a large stick with a dial on it, is flipped after each play to indicate the current down, and is typically moved to the approximate spot of the ball.

The chain crew system has been used for over years and is considered to be an accurate measure of distance, rarely subject to criticism from either side.

Football is a full-contact sport, and injuries are relatively common. Most injuries occur during training sessions, particularly ones that involve contact between players.

At a minimum players must wear a football helmet and a set of shoulder pads , but individual leagues may require additional padding such as thigh pads and guards, knee pads, chest protectors, and mouthguards.

The most common types of injuries are strains , sprains , bruises , fractures, dislocations , and concussions. More specifically, each year a player played tackle football under age 12 predicted earlier onset of cognitive, behavioral, and mood problems by an average of two and a half years.

College football is the third-most popular sport in the United States, behind professional baseball and professional football.

High school football is the most popular sport in the United States played by boys; over 1. The NFHS is the largest organization for high school football, with member associations in all 50 states as well as the District of Columbia.

USA Football is the governing body for youth and amateur football, [] and Pop Warner Little Scholars is the largest organization for youth football.

Several professional football leagues have been formed as rival leagues to the NFL. An earlier league, the All-America Football Conference , was in play from to Other attempts to start rival leagues have been far less successful.

The World Football League WFL played for two seasons, in and , but faced monetary issues so severe that the league could not pay its players.

In its second and final season the WFL attempted to establish a stable credit rating, but the league disbanded before its second season could be completed.

American football leagues exist throughout the world, but the game has yet to achieve the international success and popularity of baseball and basketball.

All of these countries rank far below the United States, which is dominant at the international level. Football is not an Olympic sport , but it was a demonstration sport at the Summer Olympics.

American football also has the issue of global visibility. Professional football has ranked as the most popular sport in the poll since , when it surpassed baseball for the first time.

In a study, the NCAA estimated there were around 1. American football also plays a significant role in American culture. The day on which the Super Bowl is held is considered a de facto national holiday , [] and in parts of the country like Texas , the sport has been compared to a religion.

Merit is rewarded, not punished. Masculinity is celebrated, not feminized. People of various beliefs and backgrounds — a melting pot, if you will — must unify for a common goal for the team to be successful".

The safety of the sport has also sparked national controversy in American popular culture. It is often received as "overly aggressive", and defamiliarized in popular culture.

Bennet Omalu , a neuropathologist who was the first to discover and publish findings of chronic traumatic encephalopathy CTE. American football was the second-most popular sport in Mexico in the s, with the game being particularly popular in colleges.

American football is the fifth most popular sport in Mexico and the country has the highest rating of the NFL outside the United States.

Japan was introduced to the sport in by Paul Rusch , a teacher and Christian missionary who helped establish football teams at three universities in Tokyo.

Play was halted during World War II, but began to grow in popularity again after the war. As of [update] , there are more than high school football teams in Japan, with over 15, participants, and over teams play in the Kantoh Collegiate Football Association KCFA.

Europe is a major target for expansion of the game by football organizers. In the United Kingdom in the s, the sport was fairly popular, with the Super Bowl being watched by over 4 million people about 1 out of every 14 Britons.

Super Bowl viewership has also rebounded, with over 4. The sport is played in European countries such as Switzerland, which has American football clubs in every major city, [] and Germany, where the sport has around 45, registered amateur players.

But in these countries American football has not yet reached the same level of popularity it has, for example, in North America. Rumors were that a Pro Bowl edition could be held there.

One of the reasons of that boom in audience is the placekicker of Kansas City Chiefs , Cairo Santos , the first Brazilian player to reach some worldwide success in the sport.

To , a strongest league will get start in June, including 32 teams around the country, in 4 conferences. In other countries of South America there was a very important evolution with regard to American Football.

In was begun the practice of this sport in Argentina. Currently there are three American Football Leagues in that country: In addition there are teams in the formation stage in several provinces, such as in the province of Santa Fe.

Canadian football , the predominant form of football in Canada, is closely related to American football — both sports developed from rugby, and the two sports are considered to be the chief variants of gridiron football.

Punting is illegal, and kickoffs are attempted from the goal line. Large overhead nets deflect forward passes and kicks that hit them, and deflected kicks are live balls that may be recovered by either team.

Like in arena football, teams in indoor football leagues play in arenas, but games are only attended by a small number of fans, and most players are semi-professional athletes.

Indoor football leagues are unstable, with franchises regularly moving from one league to another or merging with other teams, and teams or entire leagues dissolving entirely.

There are several non-contact variants of American football, such as flag football. A game of touch football may require that the player be touched with either one or two hands to be considered down, depending on the rules used.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the American variation of gridiron football. For a broader usage of the name, see American football disambiguation.

Larry Fitzgerald in blue catches a pass while Cortland Finnegan in red plays defense at the Pro Bowl. Team sport ball game. Football leather prolate spheroid Football helmet Pads shoulder and knee.

History of American football. Official American football , Chain crew , and Penalty gridiron football. American football protective equipment , Concussions in American football , and Chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

American football in the United States. Canadian football , Arena football , and Flag football. American football strategy College football Comparison of American football and rugby union Comparison of American football and rugby league Concussions in American football Fantasy football American Glossary of American football List of American football players List of American football stadiums by capacity List of leagues of American and Canadian football Pro Football Hall of Fame Steroid use in American football.

Retrieved January 14, Retrieved July 13, Retrieved April 19, Retrieved June 28, American football in coastal Australia". Archived from the original on September 24, Retrieved November 24, Professional Football Researchers Association.

First football game was May 14, ". Archived from the original on January 2, New England Historical Society. Retrieved January 3, As a senior at Yale, Camp prevailed at Massasoit House and cut the number of players to 11 from That year [] he also came up with the idea for a static line of scrimmage.

National Collegiate Athletic Association. Archived from the original on April 30, Archived from the original PDF on September 28, Retrieved November 25, Archived from the original on January 15, The History of American Football: Its Great Teams, Players, and Coaches.

Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on November 16, Retrieved March 19, Retrieved January 30, Retrieved March 20, Archived from the original PDF on October 19, Archived from the original on January 13, Russo January 2, Retrieved January 16, Archived from the original on October 19, An American football field is generally around yards long and yards wide.

Lines are drawn on the field at 10 yard interval to indicate how far each team has to go before reaching the end zone.

The end zones are added at each end of the pitch and are roughly 20 yards in length each. Posts can also be found at each end of which the kicker kicks the ball over.

When a player scores a touchdown six points are awarded to their team. A touchdown can be scored by either carrying the ball into the end zone or receiving the ball from a pass whilst in the end zone.

After a touchdown has been scored the attacking team have opportunity to kick the ball for an extra point. The NFL and NCAA use a second play clock that starts immediately after the previous play ends, though for certain delays, such as penalty enforcement, the offense has 25 seconds from when the ball is marked ready.

The purpose of the play clock is to ensure that the game progresses at a consistent pace, preventing unnecessary delays.

Overall, clock management is a significant part of the game; teams leading toward the end of the game will often try to run out the clock , while trailing teams attempt the opposite.

Officials also call for media time-outs, which allow time for television and radio advertising. They also stop the clock after a change of possession of the ball from one team to the other.

If an instant replay challenge is called during the game, the referees signal for a media time out. The referee signals these media time-outs by first using the time out signal, then extending both arms in a horizontal position.

Separating the first and second halves is halftime. Both halves, and any overtime, begin with kick-offs — the kicking team is decided by a coin toss see below.

In the NFL, an automatic timeout is called by the officials when there are two minutes left in both the second and the fourth quarters, and overtime; this is most commonly referred to as the two-minute warning.

No such warning is normally given in amateur football, though if there is no visible stadium clock, the referee will give a two-minute warning four minutes in high school.

If a game is tied at the end of four quarters, overtime is played. In overtime, the coin is tossed to determine which team will possess the ball first.

The winner of the coin toss can choose to give the ball or receive the ball. If the first possession results in a field goal, the other team is given possession to match or better the field goal; therefore continuing the game.

If the first possession results in a touchdown or safety, the scoring team wins. During the regular season in the NFL, one overtime period is played with each team receiving two time outs.

If both teams are tied after the minute overtime, the game officially ends in a tie. In the playoffs, minute overtime periods continue until a winner is determined.

Overtime follows a three-minute intermission after the end of the regulation game. Prior to start of overtime, a coin flip is performed in which the captain of the visiting team calls the toss.

The team that wins the coin flip has the option either to receive the kickoff or choose the side of the field they wish to defend. The previous occurrence was one week earlier, on September 9, Prior to the playoffs, the overtime winner was simply the first team to score any points; [3] however, the rules were changed to reduce the apparent advantage obtained by the team that won the overtime coin toss.

Under the prior rules, the team that won the coin toss would usually elect to receive the ball, then gain just enough yardage to win the game by kicking a field goal without the other team ever touching the ball.

Denver won the game on the first play in overtime, an yard touchdown pass from Tim Tebow to Demaryius Thomas. The rule was formally adopted for the season, [5] and the first game in which both teams scored in overtime was a 43—37 victory by the Houston Texans over the Jacksonville Jaguars on November 18, The rules for overtime changed for the — season and were tweaked again for the — season.

Thus, if Team A has the first possession of overtime and scores a touchdown and converts their kick thus being 7 points ahead of Team B , Team A would then kick off to Team B In the NFL, the game would have ended with the touchdown, without a conversion being attempted.

Team B would have to match or exceed the 7 point difference within this ensuing possession; exceeding it would end the game immediately, while matching the difference would result in a kickoff to Team A.

From this point, the overtime is sudden death. The defunct United Football League had also used this rule. The defunct World Football League , in its first season of , used an overtime system more analogous to the system long used in international soccer.

In college and high school football, an overtime procedure the Kansas plan ensures that each team has equal opportunity to score. The losing team will have the first option in any subsequent even-numbered overtime.

In the first overtime, the team with first series attempts to score either a touchdown or a field goal; their possession ends when either a touchdown or a field goal have been scored, they turn the ball over via a fumble or an interception, or they fail to gain a first down.

After a touchdown, a team may attempt either an extra-point or a two-point conversion. However, if the team on defense during the first series recovers a fumble and returns it for a touchdown, or returns an interception for a touchdown, the defensive team wins the game.

This is the only way for a college overtime game to end without both teams having possession. If the score remains tied after both teams have completed a series, a second overtime begins.

If the score remains tied after two overtimes, teams scoring touchdowns are required to attempt a two-point conversion from the third overtime on.

In high school football, individual state associations can choose any overtime format they want, or even elect to not play overtime at all ties stand in this case.

However, most states use the Kansas Plan. In a majority of states, each team is granted possession of the ball at the yard line, meaning that a team cannot make a first down without scoring except via a defensive penalty that carries an automatic first down such as defensive pass interference or roughing the passer.

As is the case with the college overtime rule, the team that wins the coin toss will have the choice as to whether to take the ball first or second, or decide at which end of the field the overtime will be played.

The other major difference between overtime in college football and high school football is that in high school football, if the defense forces a turnover, the ball is dead immediately, thus eliminating the possibility of scoring.

However, in Texas , the college overtime rule is used, as both the University Interscholastic League , which governs interscholastic activities for Texas public high schools, and the Texas Association of Private and Parochial Schools , the largest analogous body for Texas private high schools, play by NCAA football rules with a few modifications for the high school level.

Massachusetts also is another state that uses NCAA-style overtime rules. The defunct XFL used a modified Kansas Plan which, upon the first team scoring, required the opponent to score the same or greater number of points in the same or fewer downs i.

Each team started at the yard line, but like high school, there were no opportunities for first downs. The league also banned field goals except on a fourth down.

Three minutes before the start of the game, the referee meets with captains from both teams for a coin toss. The visiting team calls the toss.

The winner of the toss may defer their choice to the start of the second half, or they may take first choice of:. At the start of the second half, the team that did not choose first either because they deferred their choice or because they lost the toss gets the first choice of options.

If a game goes to overtime, a coin toss is held before the start of overtime, but tosses are not held before the start of subsequent overtime periods.

In college, for example, the loser of the toss to start overtime has first choice in the second overtime period. In high school, the coin toss may be held between the captains or coaches earlier before the start of the game.

At three minutes before kickoff, the captains meet for a simulated coin toss, where the referee announces the results of the earlier toss.

The XFL did not implement a coin toss; instead an event took place called the "opening scramble", in which one player from each team fought to recover a football 20 yards away to determine possession.

Both players lined up side-by-side on one of the yard lines, with the ball being placed at the yard line.

At the whistle, the two players would run toward the ball and attempt to gain possession; whichever player gained possession first was allowed to choose possession as if he had won a coin toss in other leagues.

The rules vary from the college level to the professional level. In the NFL, unless you are tagged by an opposing player or give yourself up, you are not down.

A player carrying the ball the runner is downed when any of the following occurs:. The majority of a football game takes place on plays, or downs , that begin at the line of scrimmage.

The officials spot the ball place it in a designated spot on the field on the line of scrimmage and declare it ready for play. The width of the spotted football defines the width of the neutral zone , an area of the field no player other than the snapper may position himself in or above before the snap.

Each team has its own line of scrimmage, thought of as a vertical plane from sideline to sideline that passes through the point of the ball nearest its own goal line.

A typical offense is made up of a quarterback , five offensive linemen , two wide receivers , a running back , a fullback , and a tight end , however teams will vary their personnel on the field to fit any given play.

A quarterback is essentially the leader of the offense. It is most often their responsibility to pass along the play called to the rest of the players in the huddle before any given play.

A quarterback is the primary ball handler on offense. It is their responsibility to call the snap count for the ball to enter play.

Once the ball is hiked into play, it is their job to either hand the ball off to one of their running backs, or scout the field for an open receiver to throw the ball to.

In some instances, the quarterback will run the ball themselves. A quarterback is guarded by their offensive linemen.

The offensive line is made up of a left and right tackle , a left and right guard , and a center. An offensive line has two different jobs. When the offense runs a pass play, it is their job to guard the quarterback from the defense that are rushing.

When the offense runs a run play, it is their job to clear a path for the running back to run through. The running back also has multiple roles.

They will either take the ball from the quarterback and run, move up and help the offensive line block, or go out and catch a pass.

While the role of the fullback is deteriorating currently among professional leagues, it is their primary responsibility to lead the running back.

Running backs and fullbacks are sometimes also called a halfback, a wingback, or a slotback. Like the running back, the tight end also has multiple roles.

They will either help the offensive line protect the quarterback, block on run plays, or run or catch the ball themselves.

The wide receivers primary role is to run out into the field of play and catch the ball, although they will also block in some instances.

The players on offense must arrange themselves in a formation , all behind their line of scrimmage that is, on their side of the ball.

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Bei einem Rechtshänder beispielsweise meistens die linke Seite. Beim Kickoff wird der Ball von der Mitte der eigenen Yard-Linie bei Amateurligen oft von der 35 getreten, und ein gegnerischer Ballempfänger Kickoff-Returner versucht, den Ball so weit wie möglich zurückzutragen. Das trifft nicht zu, wenn er den Ball beim Kick-off erst in der Endzone fängt Touchback , der Ball nach einem Fumble aus der Endzone heraus aus dem Spielfeld rollt oder vom Ballträger der angreifenden Mannschaft in seiner eigenen Endzone erobert, aber nicht wieder herausgetragen wird oder innerhalb der Endzone der angreifenden Mannschaft verschiedene Feldstrafen gegen die angreifende Mannschaft erfolgen. Der Spielzug ist an dieser Stelle sofort zu Ende. Quarter kann nur noch der Oberschiedsrichter und der offizielle Spielerbeobachter eine Challenge beantragen. In Deutschland fällt das aber nicht immer auf — aus dem ganz einfachen Grund, das nicht in jedem Stadion auch eine Uhr hängt. Insbesondere wurde der Ballträger oft von seinen Teamkameraden vorwärts geschoben. Der fangende Spieler nicht direkt an der Line of Scrimmage steht.

American football rules - are

Alle Fachbegriffe, die wir in diesem Regelwerk verwenden, finden Sie auch in dieser Definitionsliste. Diese wurde eingestellt. Amateure greifen hinzugegen zu Gummi oder Kunststoff, da diese Materialien deutlich günstiger sind. Lang am Ball ist der Quarterback selten: Wenn der Spielzug läuft und ein Nichtspieler das Spiel beeinträchtigt, kann der Schiedsrichter einen Timeout ansagen. Die restlichen Begriffe dieses Lexikons sind übrigens ernst gemeint. Beim Kickoff wird der Ball von der Mitte der eigenen Yard-Linie bei Amateurligen oft von der 35 getreten, und ein gegnerischer Ballempfänger Kickoff-Returner versucht, den Ball so weit wie möglich zurückzutragen.

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